The Plastic Problem

PLAWARE extends the existing 3R concept (reduce, reuse, recycle) to the fourth R: "regenerate" (converting plastic back into oil). This is intended to create a decentralized approach for rural regions with lower income levels, preventing plastic from polluting green spaces and surface waters.

Waste management in Switzerland

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Source: www.markstein.ch

Strictly speaking, it is not an isolated plastic problem – even though most environmental problems on land and in water are due to the degradation resistance of plastic – but an overarching waste disposal problem. A comparison with Switzerland, representative of a high-income region characterised by strong urbanisation, should make this clear.
Waste separation begins in the household and public collection and disposal points also have the option of waste separation (glass, paper, metal, etc.). The household waste is regularly collected by the public sector and processed in an environmentally friendly way in the waste incineration plant. Households contribute to the financing of this system by paying taxes and purchasing waste bags.

Pilot Project in Cambodia

Such organization and disposal facilities are lacking in many parts of Cambodia, both in urban and rural areas. However, the circumstances in Cambodia, representative of a region with a predominantly rural character and a low or lower-middle income level, are not comparable to those in Switzerland, especially with regard to the level of economic development.
In order to solve the (plastic) waste problem, organizational measures ("Our Community Programme") must be combined with technical measures ("How we turn plastic into oil") that are financially viable for Cambodia. This can prevent the plastic waste from ending up in disordered landfills or being incinerated in an uncontrolled manner, thus polluting the air, land and water – often with direct risks to people, animals and the environment.
Single primitive wooden house in the tropical rural countryside in the southern part of Cambodia