THE PLASTIC PROBLEM
Switzerland as an example
Challenges for Cambodia
Strictly speaking, it is not an isolated plastic problem – even though most environmental problems on land and in water are due to the degradation resistance of plastic – but an overarching waste disposal problem. A comparison with Switzerland should make this clear.
Waste separation begins in the household and public collection and disposal points also have the option of waste separation (glass, paper, metal, etc.).
The household waste is regularly collected by the public sector and processed in an environmentally friendly way in the waste incineration plant. Households contribute to the financing of this system by paying taxes and purchasing waste bags.
In order to solve the (plastic) waste problem, organizational measures (“Our Community Programme”) must be combined with technical measures (“How we turn plastic into oil”) that are financially viable for Cambodia. This can prevent the plastic waste from ending up in disordered landfills or being incinerated in an uncontrolled manner, thus polluting the air, land and water – often with direct risks to people, animals and the environment.